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Career Planning
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Article Sources


  • Graduate Degree Fields, National Center for Education Statistics,, Accessed August 2018
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook, Bureau of Labor Statistics,, Accessed August 2018
  • O*NET OnLine,, Accessed August 2018
  • Is a Master's Degree Worth It?, Monster,, Accessed August 2018
  • When a $100,000 Grad Degree is Worth the Cost, U.S. News,, Accessed August 2018
  • Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2017,

The first level of graduate study is known as a master's degree program. While some students enroll in them immediately after earning their bachelor's degree, others begin a master's degree after working for some time.

Those who pursue a master's program right away may do so because they are still in the mindset of completing homework and taking exams... and they want more time to better define their goals and career targets. Others might already have a very specific career in mind — one that typically requires a master's degree for entry.

Students who wish to pursue graduate programs at this level can explore traditional, online, or hybrid program options. Online master's degree programs can be a convenient way to further education goals while still allowing students to work and/or manage family responsibilities.

The increased prevalence of online master's degree programs may be one reason why degrees conferred at this level have increased by 66 percent since the 2000-01 academic year. In the 2015-16 term, 786,000 master's degrees were awarded by post-secondary institutions. Over half of them were concentrated in the business, education, and healthcare fields.

5 Benefits of a Master's Degree

While completing a graduate-level program may be personally and intellectually satisfying, there are four major tangible benefits of earning a master's degree online.

  1. Individuals can gain the specialized knowledge they need to advance in their field.
  2. A degree at this level can open doors to senior-level positions in leadership and management.
  3. Master's degree graduates earn more money. In 2017, those with master's degrees had average weekly earnings of $1,401, while those with bachelor's degrees earned $1,173. When that difference is multiplied over the span of a career, investing in a master's degree makes economic sense.
  4. Master's degree students may be able to change careers and become qualified for jobs that are in a completely different field from their bachelor's degrees.
  5. As competition increases for certain jobs, having a master's degree may offer applicants a competitive edge. The unemployment rate in 2017 for those with a master's degree was slightly lower than those who only had a bachelor's degree: 2.2 percent instead of 2.5 percent.

Timeline of a Master's Degree Program

At this level, there is a significant range in the types of master's degrees that can be earned — on campus and online. These are the most popular types:

While no two master's degree programs are exactly alike, most students complete master's degree programs in about two years of full-time study. Programs at this level generally follow the same timeline.

During the first year of a master's degree program, students usually begin taking core classes related to their particular specialty as well as some electives. Students who are switching to an entirely new field may need to take even more core courses in order to get up to speed on their new subject.

Year two of a master's degree program typically involves completing core classes and related electives. This is also the time when they can gain work experience from an internship. Depending on the the field of study, this year may also involve preparing for a licensing exam.

Some master's degree programs require a dissertation or thesis, which is a final research paper in which a student selects a topic and performs research related to it.

Types of Master's Degrees

At this level, there is a significant range in the types of master's degrees that can be earned — on campus and online. These are the most popular types:

  • Master of Arts (M.A.):M.A. degrees are typically awarded in art or social science disciplines like education, communication, history, music, and linguistics. Students enrolled in an M.A. program usually participate in lectures and seminars and are evaluated through an exam and/or thesis or dissertation.

  • Master of Science (M.S.): M.S. degrees are designed for science-based disciplines such as engineering, biology, chemistry, and statistics. The majority of courses in an M.S. degree program require research and technical skills. In addition, a thesis or dissertation is usually a requirement to graduate with an M.S.

  • Master of Business Administration (MBA): An MBA program is intended to provide students with the skills and knowledge they need to progress into a business or management role. MBA students can expect to become well-versed in all aspects of business and may specialize in accounting, finance, or another business subject.

  • Master of Arts in Teaching (M.A.T.): The Master of Arts in Teaching prepares graduates to teach a specific subject at a specific level, usually middle school or high school. The M.A.T. is more hands-on than the M.Ed., often including practice teaching or related classroom experiences.

  • Master of Education (M.Ed.): Education was the second most popular master's degree field in the U.S., with 146,000 degrees conferred in the U.S. in 2015-16. This is a generalist degree that includes educational psychology and theories in education, although students can specialize in corporate training, E-learning or other concentrations.

  • Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A.): A M.F.A. is considered a creative master's degree and may be granted in disciplines such as creative writing, photography, graphic design, dance, and theater. The majority of M.F.A. programs are performance oriented.

  • Master in Library Science (M.L.S): A Master in Library Science degree prepares students to work as professional librarians for municipalities, school districts, postsecondary institutions, corporations, and places like historical archives.

  • Master of Public Health (M.P.H.): M.P.H. programs educate students how to monitor, diagnose, and regulate health concerns through public policies. They take an interdisciplinary approach to public health and are often specialized in areas like occupational health, nutritional sciences, and global health.

  • Master of Social Work (M.S.W.): Graduates with this degree have been prepared through classroom and practical work to tackle problems facing vulnerable populations, be it children, youth, adults or the elderly. The social problems they learn how to work on include mental illness, poverty, oppression, homelessness, aging and physical illness.

Online Master's Degrees Available features universities and colleges offering online master's degree programs in the following disciplines:

Art & Design



Engineering & Construction


Hospitality & Culinary

Law & Criminal Justice

Liberal Arts & Humanities


Social Science

Technology & IT

Financial Aid

Enrolling in a master's degree program is a significant investment. And as the earnings studies from the Bureau of Labor Statistics show, it can be a very worthwhile one. But those higher earnings start to come in, tuition (and other) bills need to be paid in the short term. Fortunately, there are a number of financial resources that can help make a master's degree program more affordable. Scholarships, grants, and educational loans are all designed to aid eligible master's degree students in paying for tuition, books, and living expenses.

Why Accreditation Matters

It's essential for prospective students to search for online master's degree programs that are accredited. An accredited master's degree program has gone through a rigorous process to verify that it provides quality education to students. Enrolling in an accredited master's degree program is a critical first step in helping a student qualify for financial aid. Having a degree from an accredited online or traditional institution can also make a candidate more competitive in the job market.

What Comes After a Master's Degree

Of course, after earning a master's degree, individuals can pursue careers in their fields of study. But before graduating, it can be worthwhile to join industry- or occupation-specific professional organizations, and to network with professors and other master's degree students — actions that can result in potential employment opportunities. Others may wish to continue their education and enroll in doctoral degree programs. The doctorate route is particularly common for individuals who want to land research-based positions or high positions in academic or non-academic settings.

It is also common for master's degree graduates to focus on a specialization or earn a license. For example, an individual with a master's degree in nursing may choose to become a nurse practitioner. In this case, they would be required to receive a license from the state in which they live as well as a certification from a national organization. A nurse practitioner can also decide to specialize in acute care, adults, pediatrics, or families.

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