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Teachers are the ground-level workers powering the education industry, entrusted with managing curricula for classes and assisting students with achieving academic success. As such, teachers work with students in order to build their knowledge base and prepare them for the next grade or the workplace, depending on the level taught. Some of the duties of a teacher include:

  • Assess student performance
  • Impart knowledge about different topics
  • Build a curriculum that follows school, state and federally mandated common core standards
  • Supervise students during recess, lunch or on field trips
  • Work with individual students when they fall behind or need more specialized attention

Earning a bachelor's degree and completing a designated amount of student teaching hours are typically the minimum requirements to qualify for a teaching license. Colleges and universities offer various education programs specifically designed to prepare graduates for professional licensure.

For aspiring teachers with bachelor's degrees in another field, some abbreviated teacher training programs may offer sufficient pedagogical career training to satisfy licensing requirements in certain jurisdictions. Prospective students who haven't yet completed a bachelor's degree may be able to fulfill both the degree and applied training requirement by completing a bachelor's degree in teaching or teacher licensure.

Teaching

Coursework in Teaching Degree Programs

There are a number of different specialties that individuals can choose when earning their teaching license. Some of these choices may include:

  • Special education
  • Math
  • Science
  • Social science
  • Biology

A master's degree may be required by some states in order to advance in the field. Advanced coursework explores specialized topics in pedagogy, with a focus on curriculum design, program development and school leadership. Teaching master's programs may culminate in an independent research project. In some areas, a master's degree might also qualify certain educators for a higher pay level and could be a stepping stone to administrative positions.

Career Outlook for Graduates of Teaching Degree Programs

Depending on the level of educational attainment graduates of teaching degree programs may have a number of different options available to them for employment.

Careers in K-12 education are a potential option for people who earn a bachelor's degree. Growth in kindergarten, elementary and middle school teaching positions is expected to grow by 12 percent nationally from 2012-2022 according to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Roles as high school teachers are expected to expand by 6 percent as reported by the BLS. K-12 teachers earned the following national median annual wages according to 2013 BLS numbers:

  • Kindergarten. $50,230
  • Elementary school. $53,590
  • Middle school. $53,940
  • Secondary school. $55,360

Some community colleges allow educators with a master's degree to teach in their institutions. A master's degree may also be the minimum requirement to become a K-12 principal, or to become an educational administrator.

The BLS reports that career growth for postsecondary educators is estimated to be 19 percent from 2012 through 2022. Growth for K-12 principals is expected to be 6 percent, and growth for educational administrators is estimated to be 15 percent from 2012-2022.

Sources:
"Kindergarten and Elementary School Teachers, Occupational Outlook Handbook," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012,http://www.bls.gov/ooh/education-training-and-library/kindergarten-and-elementary-school-teachers.htm
"Kindergarten Teachers, Occupational Employment and Wages," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2013,http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252012.htm
"Middle School Teachers, Occupational Outlook Handbook," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/education-training-and-library/middle-school-teachers.htm
"Middle School Teachers, Occupational Employment and Wages," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2013,http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252022.htm
"High School Teachers, Occupational Outlook Handbook," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012,
http://www.bls.gov/ooh/education-training-and-library/high-school-teachers.htm
"Secondary School Teachers, Occupational Employment and Wages," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2013,http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252031.htm
"Elementary, Middle, and High School Principals, Occupational Outlook Handbook," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012,http://www.bls.gov/ooh/management/elementary-middle-and-high-school-principals.htm#tab-1
"Educational Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School, Occupational Employment and Wages," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012, http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes119032.htm
"Postsecondary Educational Administrators, Occupational Outlook Handbook," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012,http://www.bls.gov/ooh/management/postsecondary-education-administrators.htm#tab-1
"Educational Administrators, Postsecondary, Occupational Employment and Wages," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012,http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes119033.htm
"Postsecondary Educators, Occupational Outlook Handbook," U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012,http://www.bls.gov/ooh/education-training-and-library/postsecondary-teachers.htm#tab-1

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