The largest city in Texas, Houston is a center of the energy and aeronautic industries. Known as the Bayou City or H-Town, Houston plays a central role in the Gulf Coast region. The Houston metropolitan area has a population of 5.3 million, with Houston (2 million), Sugarland (79,000), and Baytown (68,000) as the largest cities.
According to the US Department of Commerce's Bureau of Economic Analysis, the average Houston resident made $36,852 in 2004, 12% over the national average. Personal income has grown 9.4% over the past 35 years, 25% over the national average.
Houston is an important center of science and industry:
- Houston is the world's largest manufacturer of petrochemicals
- The Port of Houston leads the world in international commerce
- Houston remains a crucial site for the building of oilfield equipment
- The Houston area has seen an increase in the engineering and manufacturing sectors
The Houston area is known for cutting-edge medicine:
- Houston is home to the Texas Medical Center, the world's largest concentration of healthcare and research institutions.
- The M.D. Anderson Cancer Center is the area's largest employer, and the biomedical research industry in the area is strong.
A culturally lively city, Houston is home to the Rothko Chapel and has a thriving Theater District. NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center is also located in the city. In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Houston provided shelter to over 25,000 New Orleans evacuees.
For more information on colleges and universities in Texas, explore our Texas state page.