The Cincinnati-Hamilton metropolitan area has a population of more than 2 million people. Cincinnati is Ohio's third largest city, behind Columbus (728,432) and Cleveland (461,324). Toledo (308,973) and Akron (212,215) are the state's fourth and fifth largest cities.
A newspaper used the term "Queen City," and the famous 19th century writer Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, author of "Paul Revere's Ride" and other classics, called it the "Queen of the West," The Queen City has left behind its older, more unfortunate nickname of "Porkopolis" from the 1830s (during its old hog packing days).
A painful history of race riots brought the crime rate in Cincinnati to a national high 5 years ago, but recent developments in politics and law enforcement have decreased the number 29% just this year. Now, the average income per capita in the Cincinnati-Hamilton area is $34,368, just above the national average.
The economy of the Queen City includes a variety of industries:
- A history of manufacturing has given way to economic diversity.
- Retail and wholesale industries contribute largely to Cincinnati's welfare.
- The Cincinnati metropolitan area generates $2.8 billion annual in retail sales.
- Over 360 Fortune 500 companies maintain operations in Cincinnati as well, due in part to its presence as an international trade center.
Nearly $7 billion is generated from trade in markets outside the US each year. Toyota is one of the area's largest employers, and is the site of the automaker's largest North American plant. It was chosen, say executives at Toyota, for its quality of life, excellent transportation system, and "positive business climate."
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